Every human personality is influenced by their education. Education is very important as it aids in the development of attitude, beliefs, and cognition. Irrespective of how we were taught, we will all have our own thoughts and methods of doing things. However, at the end of the day, our genuine intellect is contained within the education we received.
Education is the main thing that encourages us to distinguish between right and wrong because in the absence of education, we can’t do what we need or we can’t achieve our goals. Education doesn’t only imply getting taught in the classroom, but there are many things you should know about it. Let’s take a closer look at what it really entails.
What Education Really Entails – What is Education?
Education is basically the knowledge, skill, and understanding that one gets from attending a school, college, or university. Though this is the formal meaning of education, there are other ways to describe it.
Education is a means by which one person gains or passes on basic knowledge to another. The primary objective of education is to assist a person in navigating life and contributing to society as they grow older.
education, discipline that is concerned with methods of teaching and learning in schools or school-like environments as opposed to various nonformal and informal means of socialization (e.g., rural development projects and education through parent-child relationships).
Education can be thought of as the transmission of the values and accumulated knowledge of a society. In this sense, it is equivalent to what social scientists term socialization or enculturation. Education is designed to guide children in learning a culture, molding their behaviour in the ways of adulthood, and directing them toward their eventual role in society. In the most primitive cultures, there is often little formal learning—little of what one would ordinarily call school or classes or teachers.
Instead, the entire environment and all activities are frequently viewed as school and classes, and many or all adults act as teachers. As societies grow more complex, however, the quantity of knowledge to be passed on from one generation to the next becomes more than any one person can know, and, hence, there must evolve more selective and efficient means of cultural transmission. The outcome is formal education—the school and the specialist called the teacher.
As society becomes ever more complex and schools become ever more institutionalized, educational experience becomes less directly related to daily life, less a matter of showing and learning in the context of the workaday world, and more abstracted from practice, more a matter of distilling, telling, and learning things out of context. This concentration of learning in a formal atmosphere allows children to learn far more of their culture than they are able to do by merely observing and imitating. Also, as society gradually attaches more and more importance to education, it also tries to formulate the overall objectives, content, organization, and strategies of education. Literature becomes laden with advice on the rearing of the younger generation. In short, there develop philosophies and theories of education.
Types of Education
There are many different sorts or types of education, but conventional education often determines how one’s educational effectiveness is evaluated.
As I have already said, there are different classification of education, but there are the most standout. Formal, informal and non-formal education are the three types of education that are commonly used. Let’s look at them in details.
Formal Educational System
Formal educational system is the kind that is usually delivered in a classroom environment, which can be a school, university, and college. Basic skills such as reading and writing, as well as more advanced academic subjects, are taught in a formal education setting.
Formal education, sometimes known as ‘real schooling,’ typically starts in elementary school and ends with post-secondary education. It is taught by competent teachers or professors and adheres to a set of guidelines.
Formal educational system is seen as having the upper hand. This is because people who went to school and had a higher education are deemed more employable and are more likely to earn more money. Post-secondary education (or higher education) is usually at a college or university which may grant an academic degree. It is associated with a specific or stage and is provided under a certain set of rules and regulations.
The formal educational system is given by specially qualified teachers they are supposed to be efficient in the art of instruction. It also observes strict discipline. The student and the teacher both are aware of the facts and engage themselves in the process of education.
Characteristics of Formal Educational System
- Formal educational system is structured hierarchically.
- It is planned and deliberate.
- Scheduled fees are paid regularly.
- It has a chronological grading system.
- It has a syllabus and subject-oriented.
- The syllabus has to be covered within a specific time period.
- The child is taught by the teachers
Merits of Formal Educational System
- An organized educational model and up to date course contents.
- Students acquire knowledge from trained and professional teachers.
- Structured and systematic learning process.
- Intermediate and final assessments are ensured to advance students to the next learning phase.
- Institutions are managerially and physically organized.
- Leads to a formally recognized certificate.
- Easy access to jobs.
Demerits of Formal Educational System
- Sometimes, brilliant students are bored due to the long wait for the expiry of the academic session to promote to the next stage.
- Chance of bad habits’ adoption may be alarming due to the presence of both good and bad students in the classroom.
- Wastage of time as some lazy students may fail to learn properly in spite of motivation by the professional trainers.
- Some unprofessional and non-standard education systems may cause the waste of time and money of the students which leads to disappointment in the formal educational system.
- Costly and rigid education as compared to other forms of learning.
Informal Educational System
An informal educational system, on the other perspective, is that which takes place outside of a formal educational setting. This is frequently the case when a person learns skills or absorbs learning at home, in libraries, or when surfing educational websites on a gadget.
Such schooling is frequently not planned or deliberate, and it does not adhere to a set schedule or curriculum. It is unstructured and can be regarded as a sort of natural schooling.
Unlike formal education, informal education is not imparted by an institution such as school or college. Informal education is not given according to any fixed timetable. Informal education consists of experiences and actually living in the family or community.
Characteristics of Informal Educational System
- It is independent of boundary walls.
- It has no definite syllabus.
- It is not pre-planned and has no timetable.
- No fees are required as we get informal education through daily experience and by learning new things.
- It is a lifelong process in a natural way.
- The certificates/degrees are not involved and one has no stress for learning the new things.
- You can get from any source such as media, life experiences, friends, family etc.
Merits of Informal Educational System
- More naturally learning process as you can learn at anywhere and at any time from your daily experience.
- It involves activities like individual and personal research on a topic of interest for themselves by utilizing books, libraries, social media, internet.
- Utilizes a variety of techniques.
- Less costly and time-efficient learning process.
- Learners can be picked up the requisite information from books, TV, radio or conversations with their friends/family members.
Demerits of Informal Educational System
- Information acquired from the internet, social media, TV, radio or conversations with friends/family members may lead to the disinformation.
- Utilized techniques may not be appropriate.
- No proper schedule/time span.
- Unpredictable results which simply the wastage of time.
- Lack of confidence in the learner.
Check this: Best Universities in Instanbul Turkey
Non-formal Educational System
Non-formal educational system can be seen as the type of education that falls between formal and informal education. As such, it shares characteristics with both formal and informal learning.
This type of education has a set schedule and is executed in a systematic manner, but it is not always carried out in a school setting. It is time and curricular adaptable, and it usually doesn’t even have an age restriction.
Community-based courses, occupational training, and brief programs that are not facilitated by professional teachers are the most frequent type of non-formal learning.
Non-formal educational system is imparted consciously and deliberately and systematically implemented. It should be organized for a homogeneous group. Non-formal educational system should be programmed to serve the needs of the identified group. This will necessitate flexibility in the design of the curriculum and the scheme of evaluation.
Characteristics of Non-formal Educational System
- The non-formal educational system is planned and takes place apart from the school system.
- The timetable and syllabus can be adjustable.
- Unlike theoretical formal education, it is practical and vocational.
- Non-formal educational system has no age limit.
- Fees or certificates may or may not be necessary.
- It may be full time or part-time learning and one can earn and learn together.
- It involves learning of professional skills.
Merits of Non-formal Educational System
- Practiced and vocational training.
- Naturally growing minds that do not wait for the system to amend.
- Literacy with skillfulness growth in which self-learning is appreciated.
- Flexibility in age, curriculum and time.
- Open-ended educational system in which both the public and private sector are involved in the process.
- No need to conduct regular exams.
- Diploma, certificates, and award are not essential to be awarded.
Demerits of Non-formal Educational System
- Attendance of participants is unsteady.
- No professional and trained teachers.
- Students may not enjoy full confidence as the regular students enjoy.
- Some institutes provide fake certification through online courses just for the sake of earning.
Educational System and Its Importance
There are numerous advantages to being educated. Below are the top reasons why you should have an education.
- Education aids in the eradication of poverty and hunger, providing people with the opportunity to live better lives.
- Another of the main reasons why parents try to keep their children in school for as long as feasible is because of this.
- Some other crucial thing worth mentioning of education is that it creates orientation. It provides us with a road plan for how to live our lives.
- It also allows us to develop plans to better our way of life. People cannot advance in society without education.
Education also aids in the expansion of your reasoning ability, allowing you to quickly solve difficulties.